Pain is a distressing feeling or unpleasant sensation that may start suddenly and last for longer periods of time.Chronic pain may leave us wanting to curl up in bed with a heating pad and a bottle of medication to help ease our aches. Physiotherapist works with each patients to understand his/her particular pain- what causes it and what can be done to manage it. Physiotherapy involves a number of different types of pain management.
MANUAL TECHNIQUES Manual techniques(done manually with therapist hands) includes
Myofascial trigger release is a technique to release the trigger point or tight muscle fibres/band that helps in increase blood circulation and decrease pain.
Mobilization: using various speeds, forces and distances , a therapist twist, pull and push bones/joints into certain positions to increase joint range of motion.
Manipulation is a passive techniques where therapist applies a specifically directed manual thrust to a joint that is accompanied by audible crack.
IFT/TENS:TENS (Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) Or IFT(interferential therapy ), uses a device to send a low-voltage electric current to the skin over the area where you have pain. Both are used for pain relief by blocking the pain messages that goes to your brain. Other effects are Muscle stimulation,Increase local blood flow and Reduction of oedema
Electrical stimulation is used to reduce chronic pain, improve joint pain and swelling, prevents and reverses muscle atrophy, enhances rehabilitation of muscle and improve blood flow circulation.
Ultrasound therapy: Ultrasound sends sound waves to the areas that hurt providing deep heat to soft tissues for healing and decreasing pain and also improve the extensibilty of tissues.
Traction is used to relieve pressure on the spine and is used to treat herniated discs, sciatica,degenerative disc diseases and many other conditions.
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